Native to Asia, theElecampane (or elecampane) is a perennial herbaceous plant of the genus "Inula", belonging to the Asteraceae (or Asteraceae) family. Very well known for its medicinal properties,
this plant would have been regularly the subject oftherapeutic indications by Hippocrates (460 BC-370 BC).
From the Middle Ages, it was part of the medicinal gardens of the monasteries.
There are a hundredcash of Aunée, the main ones of which are perennial. Biennial and annual, Elecampane (or Elecampane) generally grows in the edges of woods, ditches and the edges of cool paths in temperate regions ofAfrica, ofEurope and D'Asia.
Elecampane or Inula Hélenium: for the record
By its etymological definition, the word “inula” comes from the Greek “ineo” which means “I purge”.
As for the name Helenuim, the Greek mythology tells that Elecampane was born from a tear of Helena (daughter of Zeus and Leda) whose abduction by Prince Paris caused the Trojan War.
Other legends say that the beautiful "Helen" held a branch of Grande Elecampane by hand at the time of its removal.
It is therefore a deformation of the name Hellena that gave rise to the name of the plant inula hellenium (or Elecampane).
Today, it is used at ends medicinal and culinary.
Elecampane: description, species and names
The family of Asteraceae is made up of more than 13,000 species.
Elecampane is grown industrially in fields.
It is characterized by large leaves oval, rough with a cottony underside and rods up to 2 m high.
His flowers colored yellow, resemble those of dandelion and can measure 80 cm.
The appellations of this perennial plant sometimes forming large clumps, are various and varied : decubitus plant, hedgehog, horse's eye, elecampane, lioness, Chiron's panacea, perennial sun… the list goes on.
Therapeutic virtues of elecampane
Expectorant, tonic, emmenagogue, diuretic, cholagogue, stomachic ... the praise for elecampane never ceases!
Plant mysterious and above all remarkable for its medicinal virtues, the use of elecampane (or native cinchona) is indicated to regulate anemia caused by heavy menstrual periods.
Rich in inulin, elecampane or Chiron's panacea, would be useful for the treatment of diabetes.
Calming antiseptic, this plant has been used to treat diseases of respiratory tracts (pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, cough, tracheitis, bronchitis, etc.), dermatosis, bedsores, ulcers, itching.
Other diseases, disorders and ailments such as nephritis (inflammation of a kidney), missed periods, white discharge, drop, the intestinal parasites, the diarrhea have also been relieved thanks to this precious plant.
In herbal medicine, the elecampane is also indicated in case of general fatigue and, its attributes are multiple. It's a :
– vermifuge to destroy and expel intestinal worms or parasites;
– emmenagogue to stimulate blood flow in the uterus and pelvic area
– antiviral to slow down or stop a viral infection
– choleretic to facilitate the secretion of bile
– antifungal to treat yeast infection
– respiratory antispasmodic
– bactericidal ...
Culinary virtues of elecampane
For centuries, the action of the Elecampane has been attested by herbalists and today by the medicine (for the treatment of cancer for example).
However, it is not limited to that.
Today his culinary virtues are known and strong appreciated.
Indeed, the root (or rhizome) of the horse's eye is consumable in decoction.
For perfume desserts, cakes, fruit salad or even liqueurs for example, thearoma of the'grated elecampane is much appreciated.
A priori, to promote digestion, it is advisable to cut the roots of elecampane in pieces and to confine them in a Sugar Syrup.
To better savor your dishes, you can also garnish them with the flowers yellow of this precious plant or, cook his leaves and consume them at will.
Elecampane: use and dosage
To fight against dermatoses and pruritus, we use alecia inexternal use.
To do this, in a liter of water, pour 30 g of dried roots and let them macerate. Then dip a compress in this decoction then, cleanse the affected area. To renew 2 to 3 times a day.
To make one infusion, prepare 50 g per liter of cold water. Then boil it. Place the plant in it, then let it rest for ¼ hour. You can drink 2 to 6 cups a day.
In decoction : Prepare 10 to 20 g per liter of water. Drink 1 cup before each meal.
In fluid extract : an amount of 5 to 10 g per day is recommended.
Once dried and reduced to powder, the rhizome can thus be consumed as it is in a liquid: a dose of 2 to 10 g per day is sufficient.
In dyeing : a dose of 15 to 20 drops, 4 to 5 times a day is recommended.
Because it stimulates uterine contractions, elecampane is prohibited in the pregnant woman, or who is breastfeeding.