Native to Asia, spinach or spinacia oleracea, is a plant that grows quickly to provide delicious, healthy leaves.
His family: chenopodiaceae. Spearheaded, smooth or blistered, arranged in a rosette and a beautiful shiny green, its 20 to 40 cm long leaves are more vegetable than medicinal.
- To read : grow spinach well
- To discover : our spinach-based recipes
Spinach and its health benefits
No, Popeye didn't get strong on spinach because, contrary to popular belief, it contains little iron.
On the other hand, it is rich in fiber, potassium and vitamins, which gives it excellent nutritional benefits and surely a real boost for the body.
- "Gut broom"! We could have done better as an introduction. And yet, that's how it's nicknamed ... for its laxative properties and depurative indisputable.
- It is also an excellent antianemic, which additionally contains chlorophyll, iron and folic acid. As for the legend of Popeye… Forget it! The iron content of spinach is only 3 mg / 100 g. Not bad, but some wild vegetables like nettle, goosefoot and dandelion contain much more.
- The reputation of spinach is well established: it fights wonderfully against pale colors. Remedy foranemia and the chlorosis, spinach is recommended whenever blood loss requires a boost! (heavy periods, coughing up blood, etc.). This is why it so often accompanies convalescent.
Did you know ?
Spinach can be used internally (infusion) or externally (decoction).
Fortifying wine: incorporate 200 g of fresh spinach juice in three quarters of a liter of wine.
Infusion : 10 grams of seeds per cup. It is a mild, light laxative.
Spinach toxicity: because of the oxalic acid salts that they contain, spinach is prohibited for arthritis, rheumatism and gout patients. In addition, some people are severely allergic to oxalates.
To consume therefore, but without excess, especially in children and the elderly.
Growing spinach for its benefits
To grow good spinach, you need a rich, moist soil with a high nitrogen content. Display them in a cool place in the garden, half shade. Good to know: spinach tolerates the cold quite well.
As you sow them, consider incorporating a organic fertilizer made from manure and algae. And water them often in dry weather to prevent seed build-up.
- To read : Sow, cultivate and care for spinach
- Sow your spinach by small quantities, every 15 days, in order to spread production.
- Even if you hear or read the opposite, do not sow spinach in the summer because they go to seed quickly. Instead, opt for horned tetragon, identical in taste.
For the multiplication, sow in place, in April or September-October, 2 cm deep in furrows 30 cm apart. The lifting occurs about ten days later.
It is very easy to grow spinach in 25 cm deep pot, with a substrate kept cool at all times.
Species and varieties of spinach
The 2 most famous varieties of spinach are "Winter Giant" and "Viroflay Monstrous".
- "Winter Giant": Winter hardy, even harsh, it offers beautiful leaves and is very productive.
- "Viroflay Monstrous": Fleshy, it has large, crunchy leaves and is more heat resistant than other varieties. This allows it to be sown in summer.
Do you know strawberry spinach in the name ofChenopodium vigatum? It gives very interesting edible bright red fruits ...
Spinach in cooking and its properties
Consume them all young raw leaves in salad, they are delicious! And cook them large leaves, in accompaniment to meat.
Gourmet, spinach? It is true that they are capable of the worst as well as the best! And for the best… Make them “fall” in butter with a sliced onion, a little cream and soft-boiled egg. A real treat !
35 kcal / 100 g raw and 26 kcal / 100 g when cooked. Spinach is rich in fiber, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, vitamins C and E.
- To discover : all our spinach-based recipes