Saintpaulia is a pretty flower grown as a houseplant native to Africa.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Saintpaulia ionantha
Family : Gesneriaceae
Type : Houseplant
Height : 20 to 30 cm indoors
Exposure : Slightly sifted
Foliage : Persistent -Flowering : All year
Sometimes referred to as Cape violet or African violet, its flowering can sometimes last for a large part of the year.
Plantation of Saintpaulia
Saintpaulia is a plant that likes to feel cramped in its pot and therefore does not need to be repotted immediately.
Then, every 2 to 3 years and preferably in the spring, repot your saintpaulia in a pot slightly larger in diameter.
- The temperature must be less than 16 ° to optimize the quality of the recovery.
- The roots of saintpaulia dread excess water.
Make sure the new pot is well drilled at the bottom.
Improve drainage by placing at the bottom of the pot a bed of gravel or clay balls to facilitate the flow of water.
- A good soil is necessary.
The plant, when it lives indoors, needs potting soil because only it will provide it with the nutrients it needs.
- Low but constant humidity is necessary without wetting the foliage.
You have to put the pot on a bed of constantly wet gravel, pebbles or clay balls.
Multiplication is possible in spring by cuttings.
Saintpaulia needs a temperature between 18 and 24 °, but which should never drop below 13 °
The temperature of a house or apartment is therefore ideal for growing saintpaulia.
The best place to install your saintpaulia is in a place where there is no direct sunlight.
- She is afraid of the sun's rays when they land directly on the saintpaulia.
- Absolutely avoid the proximity of a heat source such as a radiator as this tropical plant needs humidity.
You can install it next to a gloxinia because they are part of the same family, the growing conditions are the same.
Watering and fertilizer
Regular but moderate watering is necessary. The saintpaulia requires little water.
In spring and summer:
Hold the slightly moist potting soil and make sure that the water flow is correct.
Bring someliquid fertilizer for flowering plants every month or so to prolong flowering as much as possible
- Water from above and ideally with water at room temperature
- Never wet the leaves and flowers of the saintpaulia
In order to maintain a certain humidity, it is preferable to place the pot on a bed of clay balls with water in the dark.
In autumn and winter:
Reduce watering so as to wait for the soil is dry on the surface between 2 waterings.
Stop adding fertilizer.
Diseases of saintpaulia
The most common diseases of houseplants, red spider mites, cochineal, the aphids but also thepowdery mildew
- If the leaves are fading, it's probably a lack of fertilizer.
- Smaller and smaller leaves indicate the need to repot the saintpaulia
Smart tip about saintpaulia
A wonderful houseplant, saintpaulia is vulnerable to aphids so to avoid this, prefer a soapy water spray, it is very effective and harmless to the environment.
Read also :
- Did you know that houseplants clean the air