Clematis: the queen of lianas

The clematis is a climbing plant of great beauty thanks to its generous flowering.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Clematis
Family : Ranunculaceae
Type : Climbing

: 2 to 12 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Deep and fresh

: Obsolete or persistent -Flowering : March to October

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Planting, pruning and caring for clematis are all things that will improve growth and flowering.

Planting clematis

Planting of the clematis takes place onautumn or to spring, outside of frost periods, in a mixture of garden soil and potting soil.

The ideal is that the foot remains in the shade. Planting other flowers around the stalk will keep it cool.

If the foot is exposed to direct sunlight, cover it with, for example, a tile or a few stones.

  • Maintain a distance of 20 to 30 cm between the foot and the wall.
  • Tilt the foot towards the wall or the support on which it will climb.
  • Fill the hole with a mixture of potting soil and garden soil.
  • Planting fertilization with compost allows better recovery.

Clematis in pots:

It is quite possible to grow clematis in pots although some varieties like Clematis Alpina are more suitable due to their low growth.

  • A good potting soil for flowering plants is ideal.
  • The pot must be drilled at the bottom and of sufficient diameter.
  • Repotting every 2 to 3 years will be necessary.

Multiplication of clematis:

The clematis multiplies quite easily in different ways, whether it is cuttings, layering or grafting.

  • Clematis cutting : The cuttings take place in summer on semi-hardened stem. Here is the technique of cuttings for clematis.
  • Layering : Layering takes place in spring, here are our tips for layering for clematis

Very hardy, clematis are suitable for most climates because even if the antlers freeze, they often go back to the base without any problem.

Maintenance of clematis

Easy to care for, the clematis needs water and a little fertilizer to improve growth and flowering throughout the seasons.

Watering clematis:

Watering is recommended for the first 2 years, but no fertilizer input is necessary, which makes it an easy-care climbing plant.

It is also important towater in dry weather because the clematis thrives in moist and cool soil.

  • In pots we must water regularly, especially in summer.
  • Keep the soil slightly moist.
  • Always cover the foot with something like a tile or a stone to keep it cool.

Clematis size

The size is necessary to promote flowering and branching.

  • The more you prune the clematis, the more it flowers.

Pruning always takes place after flowering, at the risk of losing a year of flowers.

  • It is carried out at the end of winter, generally during February, and before the start of the vegetation.
  • Cut back the stems having flowered the previous year at about 50 cm from the ground.
  • Cut dead wood and the most fragile stems flush.

For the small-flowered clematis (spring flowering), prune in summer after flowering by removing dead wood and overly invasive stems and cutting down older stems to 1/3.

To know about clematis

This climbing plant is characterized by a abundant and generous flowering.

Relatively hardy, clematis has a resistance to cold and frost in the order of -10 °.

The multiplicity of species gives a wide choice of colors and shapes, but also 2 distinct flowering periods, spring and summer.

The clematis offers a large choice of sizes, from the smallest not exceeding 2.5 m in height to the largest which can exceed 10 m in height.

Clematis are also found in large then small flowers which makes it an innumerable quantity of varieties, all as beautiful as the others.

Clematis legitimately find their nickname of Queen of lianas.

From interesting species and varieties, note it clematis armandii, the alpina clematis, the Christmas clematis or the mountain clematis.

Tip about clematis

You can training the clematis in order to keep a good orientation throughout its growth!

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© Andrey Muravin

Video: How to grow a clematis (December 2021).