The borders in wood, metal or concrete give way to plants. These low and compact plants are aligned to form the limit between your arrangements. Whatever the exposure, discover the best plants for a garden border!
What is a garden border?
The borders are used to delimit a massif or a path from the rest of the garden. This limit prevents the lawn or other materials from encroaching on a layout.
So your flower bed is not taken over by the gravel from the driveway. Your driveway is not colonized (or less) by plants. It's easier for maintenance and on top of that it looks good!
Which plants to choose?
In order for plants to fulfill their border role well, they must meet certain criteria. A evergreen foliage is important for them to structure your bed all year round.
Instead, choose plants with dense and compact habit, so that they create a barrier, through which materials and residues will not pass. For the height, it all depends on your bed! If you have small perennials up front, it is best to bet on low plants that are no more than 30cm tall. On the contrary, if your plant composition consists of shrubs, grasses and large perennials, you can afford a border 50cm high.
Border in the sun
- Variety: Arabis caucasia
- Flowering period: March to May
- Interest: pretty green foliage forming a cushion covered with small white and simple flowers
- Exhibition: sun, partial shade
- Ground : drained, dry or even poor
- The little extra? : hardy to -15 ° C, no maintenance required
- Variety: Ficinia truncata ‘Ice Crystal’
- Flowering period: June
- Interest: linear dark green foliage edged in white creating a nice contrast
- Exhibition: sun (slightly hardy -10 ° C)
- Ground : fresh but drained, neutral to limestone
- The little extra? : Its small decorative tufts all year round which give the massif originality
- Variety: Ophiopogon japonicus
- Flowering period: july to august
- Interest: its dark green to black tufted foliage
- Exposure: shade, partial shade
- Ground : sour, fresh and rich
- The little extra? : no maintenance is to be expected
- Variety: Heuchera
- Flowering period: between May and July
- Interest: its round and crenellated foliage in multiple colors: green, purple, red, orange, yellow
- Exhibition: shade, partial shade
- Ground : rich, fresh but drained
- The little extra? : hardy, heuches tolerate -20 ° C depending on the species
- Variety: Festuca glauca
- Flowering period: june to july
- Interest: its foliage in small bluish stems
- Exhibition: Sun
- Ground : drained and light
- The little extra? : forms a rounded cushion ideal for the edge
- Variety: Thymus citriodorus
- Flowering period: June to August
- Interest: this variety of thyme 15cm high, has small golden oval leaves
- Exhibition: Sun
- Ground : neutral to limestone, drained, dry or even poor
- The little extra? : its condimentary leaves with a lemony flavor
There are alternatives to plants for your borders. Then use natural materials, gleaned during nature walks.
Choose a tree with nice bark like a birch and split a branch into several pieces of the same height.
All you have to do is drive them around the perimeter of the massif to create a border. Some do of the recovery and use colored glass bottles. You can also grab a pallet to form a neat wooden border. Pavers, gabions, pebbles, metal slats, corten steel ... There are many solutions that allow you to alternate between plants and materials.